Thursday, December 13, 2018

How Oracle Fusion Is Compatible In Retail Industry

When a company sells its product to an individual user for his or her own use is known as retail sale. The retail transaction can be done through various channels like online, direct sale or from a physical store. Retail is usually categorized into four types:

  • Food: eatable things like meat, bakery items, dairy items etc
  • Soft Consumable : things like clothing, shoes etc
  • Arts and Education : Thinks like fine arts, books and musical instruments
  • Hard lines : Things which are durable or long term use such as home appliances, vehicles, furniture

Under these categories you will find different kind of retailer

Department Store
This type of retailer offers a wide range of products of different price range. In other words it is a combination of small retail stores managed by an individual or company

This types of retailers basically a big grocery store including food and beverages. But some supermarkets offer products such as home appliances, fashion and electronics goods.

Warehouse Retailers
This kind of retailer stock huge amount of products and offer at very low price. You can find this retailer in business parks or in specific huge markets.

Specialty Retailer
This retailer offer products from one or two companies and provide customer care too. This also provide accessories or related products

These retailers provide services online and cover a large geographic area. Customers buy products via internet.

Discount Retailer
This retailer offers discounted products. The products are of low price as compared to market price

Retail Market in India
According to the retail market of India is one of top five markets of the world worth US$600 billion. This retail market is one of the pillars of Indian economy and it’s about 10 percent of its GDP. It is expected that this industry will be doubled by 2020. The factors behind this are increased income of middle class and increased digital connectivity

Prudence Technologies Taking Part in Digital India

Prudence technology brings Oracle Fusion Cloud service for retail market in India. This is an initiative towards digital India. Oracle Fusion Cloud provide various retail services which are really helpful to retailers to manage huge daily transactions. We discuss some of the retail services of Fusion Cloud below

Oracle Retail Insights and Science Products
There is an intense competition in retail. Due to the availability of internet and social media today we are able to know what customers want even if they don’t tell you. Oracle retail insights and science product help retailers to get this information using machine learning and AI algorithms. Some of these products are

  • Customer Insight Cloud Service : It understands customer preferences
  • Merchandising Cloud Service : Identify affection able merchandising opportunities
  • Retail Science Platform Cloud Service : A complete suite of retail science applications, purpose built and field tested

Oracle Retail Omni-channel Products
A perfect Omni-channel retail experience needs a continuous and smooth combination online store, physical store, order management and customer care. Oracle does this consolidation. Some of these products are

  • Commerce Cloud : Provides customized and optimized e-commerce experience
  • Order Management System Cloud : Identify, attract and retain your loyal customers by providing unprecedented customer care
  • Store Inventory Operations Cloud Service : Provides real-time and precise inventory data to execute efficient in-store processing

Oracle Retail Supply Chain Products
Managing your supply chain process efficiently could be profitable. Oracle retail supply chain management solution promotes collaboration across your supply chain network and inspires consumer trust and transparency. Some of its products are

Warehouse Management System : Enable retailers to control orders and inventory throughout the process
Advance Inventory Planning: Has a full grip over forecaster demands and guide to purchase inventory in-time.
Replenishment Optimization : Balance inventory in the whole supply chain process efficiently to achieve great customer service

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

All you need to know about Average Revenue per User

Average revenue per user (ARPU) is the measure of average revenue per user. It is also known as average revenue per unit. It is usually calculated on monthly or yearly basis. ARPU is very important measurement for all type of businesses but mostly used by subscription based service provider company’s i.e telecommunication and internet service providers (ISP). It provides a close view of the revenue per user device or unit and help companies to pursue revenue growth as a result of promotions and ads on services.

How to find ARPU?

It is used for financial analytics. The equation to determine ARPU is:

ARPU = Total revenue / total number of users

It depends upon a time period, typically monthly and yearly. But number of users is usually taken as average because their numbers fluctuate in a specified period.

Some uses of ARPU

  • Telecommunication companies measure ARPU based on per device. In case of telephony services, ARPU could be based on number of calls per unit time..
  • Cable service providers measure ARPU based on per connection
  • E-commerce based companies measure ARPU based on per cart
  • Social media companies measure ARPU based on per investor
Dilemma of Increasing Revenue by Maintaining ARPU

One of the difficulties faced by all service providers to increase revenue is by maintaining ARPU either by existing customers or new customers. If number of subscriber’s increases or existing subscribers do not maintain service subscriptions in a specified period or show less interest. Then revenue decreases and eventually ARPU decreases. The problem is how to maintain ARPU.

What’s the solution?

As competition in the market increases, telecommunication service providers must behave as watchdogs on revenue flow. Prudence technology specialized in Oracle, provides a billing analytical system which helps service providers to unlock valuable information about revenue flow. It takes company’s analytical capability to a new level.

The solution provides a complete understanding of the customers by covering all products and services. It enables telecommunication service providers to penetrate deep into billing related metrics like billing revenue, payments, collections, adjustments and more. This billing and analytic software solution has built-in reports and dashboards which covers billing revenue, billing efficiency, consumer metrics, prepaid metrics, usage metrics etc.

Under billing revenue category, this software covers some key aspects of revenue. For example total revenue, ARPU, collections and adjustments. It also answers some of the following basic questions which help to maintain ARPU:
  • What is the total revenue across various dimensions including customer type, product type, plan type etc
  • What is ARPU across various dimensions including customer type, product type, plan type etc
In addition to total revenue, another important parameter in ARPU formula is “Number of customers”. Knowing this parameter from acquisition and churn perspective help telecommunication service providers to make decision at right time i.e. offer promotions to attract new customers or offer different value added services to retain the existing customers. Billing analytic tool answer following questions:
  • What is the rate of customer acquisition across various dimensions like customer type, product type, plan type etc
  • What is the churn rate across above dimensions

Wednesday, November 21, 2018

What is Human Capital Management (HCM)

Human capital administration (HCM) is the thorough combination of best practices for hiring, supervising, creating and rationalization the HR of an association.HCM is frequently utilized as an umbrella term to catch numerous particular procedural procedures inside a business, for example, enrollment, preparing, booking, financed rewards forecasting. The expression hints a way to deal with the management of human resources by treating them as company’s assets that a company can surely invest in order to have their performance capacity maximized.

Best Human capital management System offers aset of software developed to help in the attainment, tracking and development of employees – effectively automating and streamlining processes. HCM software helps you in analyzing what to outsource and what to keep home.

How do you hire talent?
HCM is you one solution for hiring rightful talent for your organization. It also provides interface with similar Human Resource software and has the ability to perform contextual tasks. HCM software have social media integration with its recruitment module so that process can engage with the huge network of people who are already interested in your company. Form these people, you can surely get the right person recruited for the job.An automated recruitment process makes it easy for employers and HR department to find the most competent candidates — through sharedCV. Also, LinkedIn profiles of people can be very helpful in this.

Identify the performer in the Organization:
When you go through the record of your employees, you quickly get the idea of their performance. You can set performance goals, performance evaluation, training and give bonus reward to the employees who are giving the best performance. Automated interactions between HR managers and employees help you find the need of your employees. You can apply an automated 360-degree review system and a multi-rater tool to get an ideal appraisal on you employees.

How to build successful Team?
You can have an effective collaboration between your employees though automated attendance, task scheduling, leave management and connecting with the payroll provider. Task scheduling provides the managers ability to predict needs, analyze pattern shift and analyze coverage. All of this is done inside the software where you already have your employees record.You can identify the deficiency of your employees and set the learning goals. Automated attendance provides time counting and leave management, track acquiescence info and reduce workforce rate with Time sheets and Punch Time. HCM provides you following features to build a successful team:

  • Fully automated recruitment process help you in on-boarding best people for the job.
  • With positive collaboration within employees, you can build an ideal work environment regardless of cultural diversity.
  • You can set competition tasks and rewards for the goal achievement to retain top performer.

New Era of performance management:
Best HCM tools allow you to perform a successful evaluation of where to take what action. In the today’s world where company’s have evolved into complex entities of human resource, cloud based HCM solutions provide convenient way of performance monitoring your employees by keeping the record of all the aspects of their job. Performance management allows managers to map activities to their corresponding targets and assign them to employees or teams. Form the HC software, managers can do tracking of goal alignment and competencies of the individuals in achieving the goals by doing the activities. This Appraisal System not only help the employers in their important business decisions but also help employees in performing a good self-appraisal. HCM software includes many tool for Performance Management.

Sunday, November 4, 2018

How to make supply chain responsible

In an organization, a responsive supply chain is very important. A responsive supply chain can give great results to the organization in different areas. All these benefits add to the reputation, popularity and profit of the company or organization. There are different features or modifications that an organization needs to implement to make supply chain responsive.

But, in order to get an idea to make the supply chain responsive, we have to know the different aspects of supply chain. Now let us look into some techniques to make supply chain responsible for livestock farms.

First, the traceability. All the changes that took place in the farm and in the livestock should be logged and maintained. This process helps the managers to get a bigger picture of what is going on in the farm. Nowadays, computer software can easily do it. The data like the amount of food fed to the livestock and so on can provide a detailed view of the work going on in the farm. Thus, in case of any error or disease, the root cause can be traced easily. Prudence Technology has collaborated with Microsoft Dynamics to meet the business requirements of multiple and single-site feed producers. Whether you need to handle the complexity of tracing every batch of raw material or identify the margin on every order line, our integrated solution helps cater to these business requirements. So, they produced the software named “NAVFARM” dedicated to livestock management.

Next, the livestock farm should have cloud data backup. With NAVFARM, the data generated from the farm get punched to the cloud on weekly basis. This helps the farm to have their data secure and safe. This is required because there is a risk of data loss due to hardware wear and tear. Moreover, the software is made for use worldwide, i.e. it also complies with the new GDPR policy. This data can be used for analysis in the future, if needed. For an instance, in a farm, cows milked in December produced 20 liters of milk, but in January they produced 10 liters. The root cause of such a change can be found out and corrected by analyzing the data in the server.

Another important factor that contributes a lot to supply chain is proper financial management. Without this, a livestock farm can go into big loss. All financial transactions should be recorded. This gives the managers a clear picture of the profitability of the farm. NAVFARM provides a beautiful dashboard with financial graphs so that the user can easily get a clear idea about the profits.

The NAVFARM software provides a lot more features to make your supply chain responsive. Some of the features include FCR and JMV operations dashboard, capacity utilization dashboard and so on. The software also has a clean dashboard for goal and achievement. This is a vital feature of NAVFARM which is important to make any supply chain responsible

Thursday, October 25, 2018

New Era of Performance Management

With every passing day, technology is changing many aspects of business industry. Performance
management is one of those aspects to establish a successful business organization. Performance management is a process where managers and employees assemble to plan and review employees’ job objectives. It’s a persistent process having prime target to increase employees’ efficacy.

Over the years the organizations are looking for a best performance management system that could really boost its productivity. A such system that would be able to stimulate feedback and review system in real-time. According to Global Human Capital Trends 2018, the world of work is demanding more customized and connected network of team. Therefore most of the organizations are saying good bye to performance appraisal system. We are not wrong If we say this is a new era of performance management.

Many organizations adopted “Human Capital Management (HCM)” and they really felt revamping in their performance management techniques. This article will mainly focus on how HCM help organizations to establish a successful beginning.

1. Goal Alignment and Setting

Before measuring employees’ performance, it’s a good practice to inform them what actually the need of organization. HCM performance management tools allow to set goals for whole organization or for specific working team. Even an employee can set his/her individual goals to keep align with goals set by stakeholders. Employees can review their goals as many times as they want so distracting from track will not be possible.

2. Multi-Rater Tool

Feedback process has its own importance in analyzing the performance and attitude of an employee. If this process depends upon single manager then possibly you could miss the precious information. Bringing feedback from co-workers or even from clients can give a more comprehensive information about your particular employee. HCM provides a 360° review or feedback assessment tool which gives more comprehensive analysis of behaviour and attitude of an employee. Employees need to give their feedback on observed behaviour. Based on these managers can create a concise and relevant opinion.

3. Performance Reviews and Tracking

HCM gives access to managers to monitor performance of every employee on daily, weekly and monthly basis. Analytical figures based on the performance data help managers to track success and error rates for a given task. Reviewing of both positive and negative feedback about the employees in the entire year gives more clear picture of performance efficiency. The HCM provides a self assessment feature which enable employees to see their day to day activities. Hence they can measure their own performance and key responsibility area (KRA).

These performance reviews have prime importance to understand the full potential of working group. This is basically a form of feedback system which communicates with organization’s employees, what is expected of them, where is the gap in performance and how they can fill the gap.

4. Development Tools

One of the best way to inflate performance of employees is to empower them through training and development material. This can be achieved by on-boarding process. HCM has made the on-boarding process effortless and pleasurable. Now employees can access important information like message from CEO, online and offline training videos and recorded presentations that are relevant to their scope of work

Sunday, October 21, 2018

How can Tally ERP help feedlot

Tally is one of the most popular accounting software. Now, it has got the ERP feature. It finds its use in many businesses. In India, over 90% of businesses use it as their primary accounting software. It is probably the easiest accounting software. This helps Tally to penetrate to any area of business. Because, you don’t need a high qualified techie to operate it. Anyone can learn Tally quickly. Many businesses like schools, associations, malls, etc use Tally. In this article, we will discuss how feedlots can get benefit from Tally.

In a feedlot, there are many variables and factors that need tracking to increase the profitability. A feedlot or feed yard is a type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used in intensive animal farming for finishing livestock, notably beef cattle, but also swine, horses, sheep, turkeys, chickens or ducks, prior to slaughter. So, the variables that are tracked are food or grains eaten by livestock, weight gain, meat produced, sales, etc. In order to track all these variables, a software should have a good input interface, portability, remote access and community support. Tally provides all these features in the simplest way possible. Places like feedlots spread over several acres of land. Thus, they may require multiple data entry stations.Tally Server serves as a backbone to this type of distributed systems.

Multiple users with multiple machines can access the same software and data from different endpoints. Moreover, Tally can maintain records of salary detail, payslips , sales transactions and so on. The latest version of Tally has the GST feature which completely eliminates the extra work.You can manage payment information, cheque and so on. This makes Tally really cool for such areas where multiple types of data are managed simultaneously. It also has the feature of zero value transaction like donations.

Another most important feature of tally is it can provide graphical view of the data. This helps in quick observation of data. For an instance, the user wants to find the relation between the food consumed by livestock and the revenue generated. Tally will create a graph for the representation of the data. Thus, the user can easily understand the result.It also helps the user to keep in track of the other expenses on the livestock. All these features contribute to the profitability of the livestock farm.

Coming to the conclusion, Tally is very helpful software in different areas of business. Also, it is very easy to use. Another important feature of Tally is it supports multiple currencies. This can be the biggest reason behind it’s immense popularity. Other accounting that can substitute Tally are Microsoft Dynamics NAV( now Microsoft Business Central) and Microsoft Dynamics AX.

Saturday, October 20, 2018

Extract maximum milk yield from your livestock

One of the most important income sources from livestock is diary. Milk is the major part of our diet and it is always on demand. Due to the abundant nutrients in milk, it is consumed worldwide. From ice cream to cheese to butter, some of the finest things in life are made from milk.In 2017, the volume of the dairy market worldwide was estimated to be about 216 metric tons, which is projected to grow to 234 metric tons by 2021. Perhaps unsurprisingly, liquid milk takes up the highest share of the global dairy market at 54 percent as of 2017, followed by yogurt and other products.In this article, we will discuss how to increase milk extraction from livestock.

The most important and effective way to increase milk yield is to feed them correct.Each mouthful of TMR feed that an animal consumes contains the right amount of ingredients for a balanced ration. For animals fed with this special ration it has been observed that the milk production increases to five per cent more than those fed with commercial or conventional feeds.However green grass is a must for the animals along with this feed. An animal weighing 300 kg and yielding 20 litres of milk per day requires 13-14 kg of TMR and five kg of green fodder.

The buffalo should be dried off approximately 2 to 3 months before expected calving. The dry period is valuable to the buffalo, she may rest and the udder tissue is repaired.In a high yielding herd (above 10 kg per day) the buffalo should be dried off when the daily yield falls below 2.5 kg, even if it is still more than 3 months to expected calving. This goes especially for machine milked herds. An alternative to drying off is to use the buffalo as a foster mother to newly born calves. One buffalo may serve one newborn calf or two older calves which receive additional feed. Care should be taken to dry her off completely no later than 2 months before calving.

Another important step is to maintain rumen health. Provide a flake of alfalfa/grass hay for the first five days after calving. Early lactation diet should contain plenty of good quality digestible fiber (31 to 35 percent neutral detergent fiber). Maintain fiber mat with consistent feed intake and avoid empty bunks. Provide free choice buffer, and monitor buffer intake. Minimize the risk of slug feeding or diet sorting that may result in rumen acidosis (low rumen pH; sour stomach). Feeding correct amount of antioxidants can also boost milk yield.Antioxidants (for example, vitamin E and selenium) help reduce the impact of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress could be too much fat mobilization, poor air quality or injury. These all decrease the efficiency of immune system function.

These were some steps to maximize milk yield from your livestock. These processes are based on generalized parameters. They may require a change depending upon the atmosphere. Thank You.

Saturday, October 13, 2018

Effectiveness of IoT in livestock management

In today’s world, IoT needs no introduction. It finds its utility in almost every areas of our life. Furthermore, in the previous four years, we have managed to find more complex integration of IoT to make life easier. In this article, we will discuss about effectiveness of IoT in livestock management. When the context is livestock, the main goal is to be more and more efficient and productive.

Also, there is a lot of manual work involved including driving out pasture several times a day. So, some works like monitoring herd and feeding livestock can be managed from a remote area using IoT. Because IoT enables farmers to watch remote locations from one centralized location, they can more efficiently watch a larger number of livestock and get more detail on each individual animal using the data collected. Farmers can choose to watch everything from each animal’s health, location, eating habits and reproductive cycle to the herd’s grazing and movement patterns in a pasture.

Health is a major concern when it comes to livestock management. IoT solutions let farmers closely watch the health of their livestock, which can be an effective way to prevent losses. Solutions generally employ livestock wearable’s that stream data to the cloud. Connected sensors in the wearable can watch blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and other vitals. These data allow a farmer to get an alert at the first sign of illness. Without IoT monitoring, problems like a feed issue or illness in a herd may go undetected until one or more animals require veterinary care. With sensors continuously measuring each individual animal’s condition and behavior, farmers can avoid those costs by taking corrective action sooner.

Another major concern is, milking the livestock. Modern, smart and intelligent machines can milk the cows and can save a lot of time. IoT device around a cow’s neck alerts the robot to the identity of the milking cow, individualizing the session for her. Moreover, when the animals spread over multiple acres of land, location tracking becomes important. Tracking location allows a farmer to immediately locate a sick animal or an animal who has gone into heat and separate it from the herd to provide treatment.

IoT also plays a major role in monitoring the reproductive cycles in livestock. It makes it easy to track the reproductive cycles especially when the farm covers several acres of land. If the cows are in from the field, a more advanced system with IoT-controlled fencing can automate the process of corralling the cow in heat away from the rest of the herd and into a chute for artificial insemination. When the cow goes into labor, an IoT sensor can send an alert to the farmer, making the calving process safer while eliminating the need for the farmer to continually check on the cow to see if she has started calving.

All this IoT implementation can save a lot of time and man power. Consequently, the farmer or owner gets a lot of benefits from the livestock. Thank You.

How to build a successful team?

Every business need a group of individuals who could assemble their skills, talent and knowledge to work as a force to take business to the highest level in that particular industry. As a human resource (HR) manager, one knows how a right person with strategic abilities is fruitful for an organization. But this team building process is not as simple as it seems with limited visibility and lengthy manual procedures. So under extreme stress conditions, human resource teams are unable to find the right person with speed and efficiency. As a result they unintentionally become a cause of slow growth of a business.

In this article we will discuss the various features of “Human Capital Management (HCM)” software and will try to understand how HCM is helpful in making a best team that can make an organization more successful and profitable.

What is HCM Software?

HCM software is a set of applications which are designed with a purpose to help organizations to manage, develop and acquire employees. HCM makes HR process automatic and more smooth. It is very flexible with the capability of addition and removal of features depending upon the size and needs of an organization. It also consists of some advance features like performance management and employee management monitoring.

Main Parts of HCM

There are two main parts of HCM software

  • One part is responsible for administrative works of HR department. It only deals with the management of employee’s attendance, payroll, time and on-boarding process.
  • Second part deals with the recruitment and performance of employees as well as it manages employees’ data, HR computational analysis and manpower.

Some Key Features of HCM

Recruitment : Labour cost is usually the one of the lofty expenses of an organization. On the other side recruitment is a time taking and hefty procedure. HCM software provides robust talent management technology which makes this process fast and easy by automatically sorting the applications. HCM software has built-in tools which help managers of organization to oversee the recruiting process. They can see the number of candidates applied, read candidate’s profile, forward it to final procedure etc.

On-boarding : The process by which new employees become affiliated with the company. How quickly new employee become prolific for the company depends upon an intelligently designed on-boarding process. HCM software has made the on-boarding process effortless and pleasurable. Now employees can access important information like message from CEO, training videos, recorded presentations etc. They can also communicate with other colleagues as well as with managers in real-time.

Training : With training tools provided in HCM software, managers can identify the skills required from employees even before hiring them. Even manager are able to measure and compare the employee’s existing and required skills. As the HCM software is bundled with fully customize features. So as per requirements training programs can be designed to fill the skill gap.
Performance Monitoring : Performance of a good and skilled working team play pivotal role in the success of an organization. HCM software provides various tools to monitor the performance of employees even at individual level. Managers can set the time of particular task and watch the performance on regular basis without any inconvenience. This enables them to take necessary decision at certain points.

Sunday, October 7, 2018

How Can Retailers Improvise Replenishment?

Running a retail business is no walk in the park. One of the major challenges of such a business is having to deal with stock-out or oversupply situations. Putting measures in place to curb these challenges defines the success of the retail. Proper inventory management and control ensures the business is on its toes and hitting those profit margins. To do this, retail replenishment has to be carried out the right way. Improvising replenishments can be done by;

Inventory data is important to the business’ development. The trend from the data will give insight into how the owner will take care of the demand of certain products without incurring losses. Microsoft Dynamics suite is business and enterprise oriented. This means that it is the perfect tool to store all the data and be used to analyze and forecast different scenarios. It is a centralized ERP system that should be used to manage the replenishment parameters.

Businesses facing replenishment troubles probably do not understand the flow of items. To begin with, there are different distribution methods including the direct-to-store and cross-docking. These methods help the retailer to know the lead times in order to capture the right number of products to be stocked in accordance with when needed. Accuracy in calculating the lead times assists in planning and once one gets the number, continuous supply is guaranteed.

Particularly, taking note of the peak and the low season leads to organized inventory strategies.  Covering high demands will require collaboration with all stakeholders. The production, suppliers and retail professionals have to work together to aid in replenishment efforts. Identifying the seasons also points out promotions that affect the demand. Anticipating the demand for items is crucial in retail replenishment.

Really, it is quite simple. In a retail store, there are store keeping units that emerge at the top in terms of sales. The items in the units are the ones that contribute to the market share. If the units are not well stocked, the repercussion will be devastating. To protect your market share, the top items should be stacked at all times and just like that, the replenishment efforts receive a boost.

Additionally, item maintenance, the product’s sale rate and having deep knowledge of the supplier world are ways to improvise replenishment. Retailers are faced with the challenging task of keeping the store afloat. But with the above methods of replenishment, it becomes less haunting, it is up to the retailers to implement the right strategies for replenishments and help the business.

Saturday, September 22, 2018

Challenges of Accrual based Accounting in Telecom for Prepaid Services

Over the last few years, an increased number of ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies, public sector, NGOs, and governments have moved to accrual-based accounting for better bookkeeping reporting. Having a collaborative scalable solution has become a necessity for most households and commercial entities thus making it possible for ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies to smile all the way to the bank. As a result, most ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies have fully embraced accrual-based accounting methodologies to operate efficiently. Many have adopted the culture of keeping balance sheets, cash flow statements and profit and loss account for enhanced efficiency, improved accountability and easy management of assets. Generally, accrual-based accounting provides more inclusive financial information for companies.

While accrual-based accounting works tremendously well for ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV, this bookkeeping reporting has its own challenges for the companies.

Accrual accounting forms one of the two major types of accounting methods for businesses using IFRS compliance. Under the accrual accounting, businesses record revenues whenever the transaction occurs and not when the actual cash payment for the sale is received. Likewise, expenses are recorded and recognized in the period for which the related revenue is recognized; under matching principle.

Accrual accounting is particularly useful for companies that have to report inventory or have large accounts payable or accounts receivable. The financial impact of loans, credit accounts and prepaid services are considered more carefully under accrual accounting.

Typical challenges of accrual-based accounting for ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV?

Complex & not easy to manage: One of the major challenges of accrual-based accounting for ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV is that it can be a bit costly, complex and difficult to manage. Secondly, accrual basis accounting demands that transactions be recorded as they occur. Unfortunately, most invoices fail to coincide with the actual occurrences thus leading to guesswork and estimations on the part of the designated accrual accountant. Such uncertainties make it difficult for accrual basis accounting accountants as compared to cash basis accounting. For proper planning & budgeting, all the compiled financial information has to be accurate and right at all times which is not always the case with accrual-based accounting.

Easy Deception of financial statements: Apart from its complexity, accrual-based accounting can easily lead to accounting malpractices. Its inaccuracies and estimations have become a loophole for numerous rogue companies who capitalize on these weaknesses to camouflage their own financial reports mistakes and weak points. In simpler terms, this kind of accounting can be advantageous in so many ways yet can be easy to manipulate for fraudulent purposes. In fact, it is alleged that most ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies end up with bloated Planning & Budgets due to an inaccurate accounting of expenses and revenues. Financial statement mistakes and confusions are inevitable in this type of accounting which is a big disadvantage for most ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies.

High Switching Costs are involved: Moving from the traditional cash to accrual accounting involves high costs which can be a huge challenge for many companies. Switching from one form of accounting to another poses a big challenge for ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV. In reality, most start-up, small and medium-sized companies experience cash-flow challenges at inception. Well, the majority of these ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV businesses start by embracing the common cash-based accounting. As time goes by, the business is bound to expand making it extremely difficult for investors to monitor their cash flows effectively. In such situations, it is wise and appropriate to move from cash basis accounting to the more effective accrual-based accounting but at a cost of course.

Additionally, accrual basis accounting can be time-consuming during conversion and exposes many ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV businesses to bankruptcy risks. Lastly; this type of accounting requires ISP/D2H/TELECOM/IPTV companies to pay huge income taxes even before they have actually collected their revenues fully.

Advantage Oracle Apps: Designed in part by professional accountants, the Oracle system is updated whenever there are changes in either government accounting requirements or the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Since accrual accounting tends to ignore time and instead focuses on economic events, cash flow can be problematic, but the Oracle system can also help to create statements of cash flow through the Oracle Enterprise One General Accounting System.

Challenges in Maintaining Dual Book keeping

If a foundation or a NGO is asked a common challenge which consumes their enormous time, effort & resources and which they would like resolve it would be maintain book of accounts as per the international and domestic guidelines. Maintaining different account books keeping as per statuary Like 35AC/80G/FCRA others and complete tracking of the account items as per mentioned categories.

There are several other identified challenges in areas like Grant Management, Project Accounting, Vendor Management, Transparency, Expense Management, etc. Being project based organization, it mandatory desired to manage its various projects financial records. 

Grant it can be several natures like single donor multi grant or multi donor single grant. The organization receives funds from all over world; hence it is mandatory to be covered under FCRA. However, they have to also maintain books as per the local accounting guidelines. There could be typical requirement like separate maintaining the projects covered under FCRA from the projects which are not covered under FCRA.

Maintaining dual accounting is not only necessary from statutory point but lot of other attributes like project, resources, expense etc. We cannot ask a user to make dual entries also it is difficult and time taking to segment the books of account. Hence the system should be designed in a way that it should be able to maintain books as per dual accounting standards. Using Oracle EBS ERP any organization can be able to achieve the dual accounting as per defined standards.

Known organizations like Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), Save the children, Oxfam, ActionAid, HelpAge etc. have taken advantage of the systems to automate processes and take benefits.

Oracle is an effective application to capture various projects task-wise along with their scheduled time lines, cost incurred on each project since its inception, tracking and controlling of cost on each task of the project, was in need to create accountability of project to the team delegated, was in need to create schedule for the bills to be raised during the course of the project, required billing on the basis of milestones identified with the donors, required Statement of Expenditure for each project to capture cost incurred since its inception, required donor wise reporting, required to assess the profitability project wise and period-wise of its operations in India.

Thursday, September 20, 2018

How Can NAVFarm Help Livestock Management

Livestock management is essential to keep the business going. Its growth will be dependent on how NAVFarm for the farming industry helps livestock management through;
well each aspect of livestock business is handled. As such, financial software come in handy. Of course, you will need to have experts do the heavy-lifting but it will come down to the software. The software of choice should make financial tracking possible and easy. Today, the software in question is NAVFarm. NAVFarm is a prominent financial tool and its functions are undeniable. Setting up

  • CASH FLOW MANAGEMENT: There are many transactions happening for this type of business. Some money will be allocated for equipment and maintenance, others will be directed to poultry, paying workers and so on. Keeping track of all these transactions is overwhelming. NAVFarm, therefore, comes in to make it bearable. Through integrating it to the financial institutions, reconciliation becomes easy and getting bank feeds helps in data entry. You spend fewer hours trying to figure out where and when a certain amount was spent.
  • REPORTING CAPABILITIES: Livestock management will have several assets and liabilities, incomes and expenses.  The different sectors like dairy and distribution will require to be analyzed critically. NAVFarm allows tracking of these activities. The data can then be used to make decisions geared towards improving the business.
  • LARGELY AIDS AUDITING AND BUSINESS REVIEW: One of the features to appreciate about NAVFarm is the ability to update data without interrupting the daily tasks. For monthly and yearly closings, the farmer will have complete data to be reviewed by their accountants. In addition, these data files will be used for reference as they are recorded for a specific period of time.
  • CLOUD BASED APPLICATION: The fact that this tool provides one with the ability to work online makes it more beneficial for livestock management. Anything is on the cloud. This means your farm's data is safe and accessible anytime and anywhere. The on Cloud feature cuts down expenses such as maintenance for on-site servers and upgrades. Moreover, the NAVFarm online has a backup system that livestock farmers will find helpful.
  • HELPING RUN A SMOOTH LIVESTOCK BUSINESS: Livestock keeping can be a pain, especially during processing payrolls. The filing deadline must be met and if not so, everything goes wrong, therefore, comes to the rescue. Working with third-party apps, one can do different tasks on the go from their mobiles. No later payments, late filing or even late data file transfers. What is done through mobile apps is in sync with NAVFarm online provided the apps are Intuit approved.

Basically, NAVFarm Livestock management will be taken to higher levels by integrating NAVFarm as your financial software. Tracking, reporting, cost-cutting, and auditing will be much easier with NAVFarm

Making Secondary Market Perform for You Responsibly

It is not a wonder that where the money is, is usually crowded. Even so, the secondary market is yet to reach those heights. Some may have missed this sector and others, well, have made a fortune. The secondary market is creating great opportunities to make large profits and is increasingly transforming into a lucrative business.

But before digging deeper, just what is a secondary market? It is where secondary retailers resell securities and other products. Basically, it is an aftermarket. The point of sales can be services, bonds or stocks. Now, being part of this market does not just happen. You have to take care of the logistics involved to benefit from the market.

So, to make the secondary market perform the right way, best practices have to be embraced. These practices will be guided by;

It is by knowing where the deal lies that you can make a secondary market perform for you. The distribution of items will dictate the possible outcomes. Not all merchandise deserves to be done with if they do not fly off the shelf as expected. Some of these items like the appliance parts are still viable for the secondary market. The opportunity to make a profit still stands as the initial retailer accounted for the surplus inventory loss.

The knowledge you have about what you are selling: How else do you find leads, initial customers, and markets for the products at hand? It is a mistake to enter the secondary market with products or services that you barely know. Being familiar with the product lets you remain within a profitable and reasonable selling price. You are able to know the purchase price and check for any defects. All this information makes you conduct business in the secondary market confidently leading to large profit margins.

The plan: It takes a lot to be successful in the secondary market. This is why you will need a plan, a practical plan for that matter. You will need to be patient and do thorough research on who your customers will be and your product outlet. You can also create virtual stores which will work well with the current technologies available.

That is, it! Every one of the above has to be in your mind for a responsible secondary market business. After the business picks up, do not be comfortable with the profits. Diversify and try out other products. Slowly but surely, your secondary market will grow to bring even larger profits. Analyzing this market, knowing where the deal is and having a plan is all you will need to perform responsibly.

Prudence we believe in effective utilization of the investments made on the ERP platform by extending its capabilities through usage of the latest technologies. Hence by creating the platform “NAVOne” we can help you to extend your supply chain to the retail users keeping seamless integration with common ERP like Oracle & Microsoft Dynamics. NAVOne application is useful for businesses into Primary and Secondary sales management.

Monday, September 17, 2018

Challenge of Managing Inventory for D2H Operators

The digitization era is finally here. People are getting used to the superiority of D2H technology as compared to the cable operators. The technology provides subscribers with direct signals to their TV through a receiver. This is awesome for the clients as the separate cable connections are done away with. However, it presents a set of challenges to the D2H operators especially in terms of inventory management. This, however, is not the end. The Oracle EBS provides a light at the end of the tunnel. The ERP system solves D2H operator problems for better business management.

Keeping track of inventory investments for the operators is burdening. The investment of the equipment needed is also capital intensive.  The enterprise suite therefore gives operators power to control their procurement troubles for cost effectiveness. Oracle EBS helps the D2H operators to manage supplier risks and enforce certain policies in order to land the best suppliers for their inventory. It does not get easier than that.The operators are able to keep delivering their services with great inventory management thanks to the oracle enterprise suite.

D2H operators have a challenging task to keep their customers satisfied. They have to ensure the customers embrace D2H technology. This can be a challenge especially if the data collected is inaccurate.For this reason, the operators have to possess an inventory software integrated with customer relationship management tools. With oracle EBS, the CRM solution is readily available to assist such companies make decisions.The CRM will offersales, marketing and service information aimed atimproving D2H operators’technology and customer relations.

Such superior technology will keep changing. Improvements will be made to make it even better. One essential factor to ensure the changes are for the better is to have accurate forecasts. Analyzing the state of the market and what the future holds manages D2H operators’ inventory.This is challenging but the Oracle EBS takes care of it by providing insights through reports based on real time information. These insights come in handy in planning and budgeting of the company’s inventory.

D2H operators face great risks trying to provide what they promise to clients. These risks could lead to their downfall particularly if they affect the inventory management efforts. ERP systems such as the one Oracle provide helps regulate and avoid the risks. It has tools for monitoring and evaluating the risk indicators to improve businesses.

All in all, D2H operators should be always prepared to cope with any challenge coming their way. They can start by being part of the evolutionary Oracle EBS which has given businesses the power to make their services exceptional. This ERP system will turn all the negatives affecting inventory management into positives for better D2H delivery.

Intelligent inventory management is crucial to the success of your company.  Effectively managing inventory balances, movement, and turnover impacts your bottom line, and a good inventory management strategy saves you time and money.  Oracle Inventory Management Cloud is a complete, modern materials management solution that can help you effectively manage the flow of goods across your business organizations.  Use this true cloud solution for clear, accurate, real-time inventory balance visibility, efficient warehouse organization, rapid material movement, improved efficiency and productivity, optimized transportation plans, and ultimately satisfied, returning customers.

Oracle Inventory Management Cloud is a broad suite of products that includes Inventory Cloud, Cost Management Cloud, Financial Orchestration Cloud and Supply Chain Orchestration Cloud. Together these solutions form a complete physical and financial materials management core of the supply chain supporting Ideate-to-Commercialize, Plan-to-Produce, Source-to-Settle, Order-to-Cash, and Plan-to-Maintain integrated business flows.


Project Accounting refers to the facilitation & integration of vital tasks in the management of a project. The major difference between this kind of application for accounting and the common traditional accounting is that it solely focuses more on any given project’s transactions while maintaining categorize your accounting information. Oracle EBS is a leader in providing solutions for project based industry. Advantages of Project Accounting include easy tracking of time, resources & key tasks affiliated to any particular project, leads to a healthier project account financial statements and tracking. It works favorably in larger companies where efficiency is a must have requirement, for easy tracking of various transactions across numerous departments within a company.

Accounting is a key requirement regardless of the kind of business you operate. Failing to keep accurate accounting records can easily be the end of your business. Every successful business owner knows the essence of keeping track of their financial reports, project expenses, and collection of all payments among others effectively documents in one cloud.

What is the easiest ways of simplifying Project Accounting?

Stay Organized: Project Accounting becomes very easy when your system is well organized. Things become easier and better when you are able to keep track of your entire project expense receipts in a consistent manner in one spreadsheet within the operations. Unfortunately, most small-scale investors lack consistency in regard to tracking and sorting project milestones. The good news is that one can take full advantage of the Oracle Projectsto stay organized. One can easily take stock of all the receipts and archive them for future references. Being well-organized also means being able to keep accurate records/receipts of all donations or contributions made by your business and managing all reports efficiently.

Take Advantage of Proven Accounting Tools: It is essential to make good use of budgeting and analytical system to build an accurate invoicing system for your business in less timewith enterprise level and departmental level planning process. The advantage of planning and budgeting is that it has made it easy for businesses to keep their accounting records well organized, secure and easily accessible. For this to happen successfully, you must ensure that you choose the most appropriate business accounting software for your company. In addition, you should use modern accounting tools to build an effective payroll system as a way of simplifying project accounting.

Invest in high quality, secure and compliant Software: Investing in reliable and high standard software is highly recommendable for anyone looking for an effective way of simplifying project accounting. Don’t hesitate to splurge on secure and compliant software to safeguard your business data’s safety and security. Remember to protect your Project Accounting software and servers with 265-bit SSL encryption for maximum security to prevent intruders and hackers from accessing your systems.

Maintain up to date Current P&L Statements: Keeping well-updated profit and loss accounts is imperative as a way of gauging your project profitability. It basically makes it easy for you to keep track of your project account as well as monitor the health of your business effectively at any given time.

Use Modern business applications for bringing precision: Linear approach to modern day business is not just enough. Recipe of success also contributes the attribute of latest business tools which not only help in achieving a structured approach but also bring precision into business decisions. Solutions like Oracle Planning and Budgeting which is a derivative of Hyperion(renowned application), Taleo of Talent onboarding & performance evaluation, Netra grant management etc.

How Oracle can help you in maintaining books accurately: Typical organizations like Telecom (EPC Tower), Realty & Infrastructure, Development Sector (NGO) etc. are prime examples who are benefitted by such application. Mapping critical information Like into single accounting structure categorized into various segments is not an easy. Scenarios like maintaining single book for FCRA & Non FCRA or creating sub ledger for every project to categorize each and every transaction can be referred as common pain areas which can be easily managed by Oracle EBS projects.

Tuesday, September 4, 2018

How Microsoft Dynamics help to B2B Ecommerce Business

As we all know that B2B Market is growing the market share roughly 59% of retail businesses. As their business challenges applies to more than growing there revenues and sales. Some of major areas of concern identified as B2B business challenges, as well as some suggestions for understanding the requirement of a product which will beneficial for B2B Business.

For the Many B2B companies, it can be challenging to define ERP Requirements. This is especially true for B2B companies that may be running an older version ERP that may not have capability to handle the B2B business requirements.

Challenges of identify ERP for B2B eCommerce business
  • Business Complexity
  • No Single Source of Data
  • Define ERP Requirements for E-commerce
  • Inventory Management
  • Investment on Technology Solutions
  • Long Journey to improve their use of Data & Tool
  • Social Data
  • Ideal Client Profile
  • Market Intelligence
  • Relationship Intelligence
  • Past Schedule and Repeat Orders
  • Customer Royalty and retention
  • Marketing Challenges
  • Countering competitions
  • Improving internal process

Benefits of ERP to B2B Business
  • Easy to Integrate with CRM, Website or other portals.
  • Single Source of Data Finance, Sales, Purchase, Warehouse, Bank, wallets.
  • Work with existing process to manage order including credit control, pricing, Order tracking etc.
  • Easy to manage customer data and product Management
  • Cloud optimized Solution.
  • Manage & Track on Sales Leads
  • Real time update on Item Availability, Revenues, losses, Payments, Refunds
  • Real time reporting any time
  • Interlink finance with Sales, Purchase, warehouse, Vendor
  • Improved demand and supply planning
  • Reduce Costs and losses
  • Ability to track marketing and advertising expenses
  • Intercompany transaction handling
  • Customer-specific catalogues, prices and terms
  • Boost the Sales and Save the cost.
About the Author:
Kunj Bihari Agrawal is a senior functional consultant for Microsoft Dynamics Nav. Kunj has a rich experience of over 11 years in finance domain & India statutory in MSD NAV. He has a passion for exploring possibilities of easing the entire ERP migration for corporate and is currently working with various government and private focus groups in ironing out the creases & roadblocks for GST migration on various technology platforms. He can be reached at: [email protected]

Friday, August 3, 2018

How to Create and Apply DFF ( Descriptive Flex Fields ) in Oracle Fusion Cloud

Oracle Fusion Application- OFA Is an ERP software application produced by Oracle Inc.
Oracle Fusion ERP is acquired in the market for his features and functionalities that is taken from Oracle EBS, Peoplesoft, JD Edwards and Siebel.

Oracle Fusion has been served as Cloud Based Software Application that includes Finance Management, Accounting, Project Management, Procurement, HCM.

With this Blog we can create and apply DFF on Oracle Fusion Invoice Page.
For Invoice Page, we can create and apply DFF at Header Level and at Line Level.
For Line Level DFF:
- Go to Setup and Maintenance
- Select your Implementation Project
- On Search panel, search for “Manage Descriptive Flexfields”

Then Search for “Payables” Module

On behalf of Search Result, you can see Invoice Header, Lines and so on, select the Name where you want to create the DFF. We are going to create DFF for Invoice Lines. Select and Edit “Invoice Line” from searched result.

Then Click on Add Global Segments.

Now mention your required field Name; Code and API Name will generate Automatically and click on Enabled check box.

Fill other details like Data Type, Table Column (Where the value will be store on AP_INVOICE_LINES_ALL table), Value Set.

Now mention Display Properties like
Prompt: With which name you want to see DFF on Line Page.
Display Type like Text Box, Drop-Down, Pop-UP LOV, Radio Button etc.
Display Size:  Size of the select type, you want to display on Invoice Page.

After Save and Close, you will be redirected on Edit Descriptive Flexfield page and you can see your DFF here.

If you want to add more DFF, follow the same instruction then Save and Close “Edit Descriptive Flexfield”.

Your DFF has been created Successfully, you can check the DFF now at Payables - Invoices - Invoice Lines - Details (at the end of each line).

- Prompt; we have used while creating the DFF.
- Textfiled and display size; we have used while creating the DFF.
- Description; we have used while creating the DFF.

For your queries, feel free to contact on below:
Nikhil Gupta - Technical Consultant
Prudence Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

Saturday, July 21, 2018

Helping traditional Retail chain for Automation through Software tools

Retail industry is growing very fast and it is ultimately competitive. Retailers experience a number of challenges every day. As such, it is essential to help retail chains for automation through software tools.  LS retail software is a complete management system that assists a business owner to manage the business form a single software platform. LS helps handle multi-channel operations in a business as different platforms cannot communicate efficiently leading to inconsistent data, uncontrolled costs and waste of time. Apparently, incorporating your business with LS, you will be in a position to meet all the challenges that arise from the multiple channels in use in your business presently, in future and beyond.

Microsoft Dynamics Navision helps you run your retail business operations to automate across sales management, replenishment of stock and managing the warehouse to maximize profits, increase efficiency and create an excellent client experience. Other benefits include tracking profitability. Usually, you benefit from enhanced business skills that lead to performance and increased profit margins. Fraud detection is also possible with Microsoft dynamic Nav for retail. There is better transaction tracking that makes it possible to detect abnormal purchases. Also, you have improved supplier analysis with correct reports on supply performance and delivery.

ERP systems for retail industry combines all software used throughput the business into a single system. The unified system incorporates all that you need in your business coming from one end to another. An ERP solution in retail is the easiest system to help manage your inventory information. Consequently, with a good ERP retail solution, you will get the best chance to relate with your clients as well develop the best customer relationship management in your business. As such, business proficiencies augment as the business benefits from daily control retail operations.

Barcode integration is an integral constituent of retail operations. Embracing barcode technology ensures that your inventory management as well as tracking is accurate. In fact, barcodes give better data. Usually, one barcode can be used for both stock and pricing selective information making it efficient to access information on both. Barcodes provide quick, reliable and a wider scope of applications.

Embracing an implementation partner for LS retail, is significant as it helps you to expand the business portfolio with certified products which creates new opportunities as well as becoming the go-to partner for loyal and prospect clients. Also, being a LS implementation partner helps you benefit from license discounts and high business margins.

In conclusion, automating retail industry through software tools is a significant part of today’s business. In fact, clients all over the world desire to access favorite brands, information as well as shop in a number of channels. As such, mobility is essential through automation of traditional retail chains worldwide.

Tuesday, July 17, 2018

How to schedule a job in Microsoft SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio, which is an integrated environment to manage a SQL Server infrastructure, provides us the feature to schedule a job in SQL. We can achieve the scheduling task through SQL Server Agent.

Let’s see how we can achieve our task through SQL Server Agent.

First, open your SQL Server Management Studio. As you open you will find the following screen.

Here you can see the Object Explorer tab which includes your Server Name. Expand it and you will find the various options (also called objects) in it like Database, Security, Server Objects, Replication, etc. The last option is SQL Server Agent and this is where we need to do our scheduling.

Click on the + sign in front of SQL Server Agent to expand it. See the above image. Right click on Jobs and then on New Job…  . A new window will appear as shown below.
SQL Server Agent - Jobs - New Job… 

Fill the General details like Name and Description.

Select Steps on left hand side of the window and then click New which is at the bottom.

The Steps window will open, enter the Step name. Next, in type, select Transact-SQL script (T-SQL), choose the database against which the query will run and write the query in the space provided for command.

Select on the schedules option on the left side of the window and click on New.

A new window will appear where we have to set the name, Frequency, time and Start date as per which the job will run.

Once set, click on OK and our scheduling process is completed. Now the schedule will run as per the date and time mentioned.

You can also see your job status from Job Activity Monitor

About Author
Kumar Ankit is a BI Consultant at Prudence Technology. He is B. Tech from Chandigarh Engineering College and has started his career with Prudence Technology. He own a technical blog as well named (
 He can also be reached at: [email protected]

Friday, July 13, 2018

Challenges in Digitization of traditional core sectors Example Farming, Dairy, Livestock Farming

Digitization entails procedures that aim at converting information into a computer-readable format. Usually, the information is well organized in bits. Consequently, analogue material sources are changed to numerical formats. Digitization is fundamental in data processing, storage as well as transmission to avoid omission or losing its quality. Digitization is a perfect way of preserving data in many sectors. However, digitization of traditional sectors such as farming, dairy, livestock, suffers major challenges such as poor internet connections, lack adequate support for integration and implementation of digital software among farmers.

Poultry software and its challenges
Poultry software or ERP for Poultry makes it possible to collect information in real time on poultry health and the same information reaches the manager instantly. In spite of the success associated with poultry software, very few modern poultry farmers embrace this kind of technology. In fact, few farms are in a position to collate and analyze data from their farm due to lack of sufficient time and knowledge including other obligations. Consequently, information that is fundamental to farmers; as it provides insight goes to waste.

Livestock management and its challenges
Livestock management software tools are significant in every livestock farm. These livestock management software tools impacts trans-formative changes. For instance embracing precision livestock farming(PLF). This is entails advances in sensors and data algorithms that shape animal performance including well tailored health and nutritional solutions. PLF is a paradigm shift towards commercialization for instance use of hi-tech tools such as robotic dairies where you use the information the dairy robots generate. Primarily, many users and even producers inadequately understand how to make use of the generated information. This is a major challenge.

Mobile application for farming and its challenges
In this era of civilization, the use of mobile and cloud-based apps is essential. In fact, mobile and cloud based applications help farmers to address any sustainability challenges as well as creating a financial value for all farms. It is primarily used in delivering information and enabling farmers make sound land management choices. Reuters Market Light (RML) is a good example of a mobile application for farming which utilizes. However, mobile application for farming faces challenges including cloud computing, integration of IT systems as well as limited inadequate education and low mobile phones proliferation among farmers especially in the rural areas.

Dairy management and its challenges
Dairy management faces a number of challenges. The farm inputs are expensive minimizing incorporation of mechanization in dairy farming. Another challenge is early detection of mastitis in dairy cows. Essentially, conducting milk conductivity errors helps detect and treat potential mastitis early in your herd. Mastitis is tested using a strip cup. Apparently, mastitis leads to low milk production.

In conclusion, the vast benefits of digitization of traditional core sectors aims at reducing transactional, transportation as well as product traceability, storage and pest and disease control, tracking, and for commercial benefits. Apparently, digitization of traditional core sectors heightens the overall farm performance. There are tools such as NAvfarm which helps farms in adopting digitalization of the farms.